26 July 2023

JIXING Announces the Acceptance of the Clinical Trial Application for the Phase 3 Clinical Trial of Aficamten Compared to Metoprolol in Patients with Symptomatic Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy by the National Medical Products Administration

First Phase 3 Trial Evaluating Monotherapy with a Cardiac Myosin Inhibitor Compared to Monotherapy with a Beta Blocker in Adults with Symptomatic Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

SHANGHAI, China, July 26, 2023 –Ji Xing Pharmaceuticals Limited (JIXING), a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company committed to bringing innovative medicines to underserved Chinese patients with serious and life-threatening diseases, announces the Center for Drug Evaluation (CDE) of the National Medical Products Administration of the PRC (NMPA) has accepted the Clinical Trial Application (CTA) for  an international, multi-center Phase 3 clinical trial MAPLE-HCM comparing aficamten (CK-3773274) as monotherapy to metoprolol as monotherapy in adult patients with symptomatic obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (oHCM). Ji Xing will conduct the Chinese cohort of MAPLE-HCM. 

We are very pleased to continue our collaboration with Cytokinetics to further expand the clinical development of aficamten in China. MAPLE-HCM is, to date, the first and only clinical trial directly comparing a cardiac myosin inhibitor to what is considered the standard of care therapy in patients with HCM. We hope that MAPLE-HCM will generate evidence showing treatment with aficamten as first-line monotherapy is superior to monotherapy with metoprolol,” said Yuan Li, MD, Chief Medical Officer of Cardiovascular at JIXING. “In addition, we are actively advancing clinical development programs for aficamten in China. The Chinese cohort of the global Phase 3 multi-center clinical trial SEQUOIA-HCM has completed patient recruitment as scheduled and a Clinical Trial Application for a Phase 3 Open Label Extension trial was accepted by CDE earlier in May this year.” 

MAPLE-HCM is a Phase 3, multi-center, randomized, double-blind active-comparator clinical trial of aficamten compared to metoprolol in patients with symptomatic obstructive HCM. MAPLE-HCM is expected to enroll 170 patients globally, including Chinese patients, randomized on a 1:1 basis to receive aficamten or metoprolol.

Additional information

MAPLE-HCM (Metoprolol vs Aficamten in Patients with LVOT Obstruction on Exercise Capacity in HCM), is a Phase 3, multi-center, randomized, double-blind active-comparator clinical trial of aficamten compared to metoprolol in patients with symptomatic obstructive HCM. The primary endpoint is the change in peak oxygen uptake (pVO2) from baseline to Week 24 measured by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Secondary endpoints include the change from baseline to Week 24 in Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) score, the proportion of patients with 1 class improvement in New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class, and changes in left ventricular mass index (LVMI), left atrial volume index (LAVI), post-Valsalva left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOT-G) and NT-proBNP.

MAPLE-HCM is expected to enroll 170 patients, randomized on a 1:1 basis to receive aficamten or metoprolol. Randomization will be stratified by CPET exercise modality (treadmill or bicycle) and recently diagnosed versus chronic obstructive HCM. At screening, patients enrolled in MAPLE-HCM must have a resting LVOT-G 30 mmHg and/or post-Valsalva LVOT-G 50 mmHg in addition to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 60%, respiratory exchange ratio (RER) ≥ 1.05 and pVO2 <100% predicted, NYHA functional class II or III and a KCCQ Clinical Summary Score (KCCQ-CSS) score ≥ 35 and ≤ 90. Following the initial screening visit, all participants on standard of care (SOC) therapy will undergo a washout period of up to 14 days of weaning from SOC therapy, followed by an additional 7 days with no SOC therapy prior to the second screening visit. Each patient will receive up to four escalating doses of aficamten or metoprolol based on echocardiographic guidance. Patients receiving aficamten will begin with 5 mg dosed once daily. At weeks 2, 4 and 6 patients will receive an echocardiogram to determine if they will be up-titrated to escalating doses of 10, 15 or 20 mg. Patients receiving metoprolol will begin with 50 mg dosed once daily. At weeks 2, 4 and 6 patients will receive an echocardiogram to determine if they will be up-titrated to escalating doses of 100, 150 or 200 mg.

Aficamten is an investigational selective, small molecule cardiac myosin inhibitor discovered following an extensive chemical optimization program that was conducted with careful attention to therapeutic index and pharmacokinetic properties and as may translate into next-in-class potential in clinical development. Aficamten was designed to reduce the number of active actin-myosin cross bridges during each cardiac cycle and consequently suppress the myocardial hypercontractility that is associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). In preclinical models, aficamten reduced myocardial contractility by binding directly to cardiac myosin at a distinct and selective allosteric binding site, thereby preventing myosin from entering a force producing state. The development program for aficamten is assessing its potential as a treatment that improves exercise capacity and relieves symptoms in patients with HCM as well as its potential long-term effects on cardiac structure and function. Aficamten received Breakthrough Therapy Designation for the treatment of symptomatic obstructive HCM from the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) as well as the National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) in China.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common inherited cardiovascular disorder, and the prevalence is likely to be underestimated due to the limitations of early screening. The prevalence is currently estimated to be at least 1/200, with obstructive  (either at rest or with provocation) HCM accounting for approximately 2/3 of cases and non-obstructive HCM for approximately 1/3 of cases in clinical practice. HCM may result in exertional dyspnea, fatigue, chest pain, syncope/presyncope and limited exercise capacity. HCM is one of the main reasons of death in teenagers and athletes. Disease-related fatal and disabling events are most often attributable to sudden cardiac death, heart failure, and embolic stroke. Sudden cardiac death is the common mode of death in young patients between 10 to 35 years old. Heart failure is the common mode of death in middle-aged patients and stroke due to HCM related atrial fibrillation is common in old patients. The annual mortality rate for HCM patients in hospitals is 2% to 4%.

At present, there are no approved drugs that are disease specific for HCM in China. Patients with symptomatic obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (oHCM) are generally offered pharmacotherapy with 𝛽-blockers, verapamil, diltiazem and disopyramide based on experience; however, these medications often do not prevent progression of the disease, are associated with significant adverse effects, and do not target the underlying pathology (hypercontractility). Additionally, disopyramide is not available in China. For oHCM patients with a left ventricular outflow tract pressure gradient (LVOT-G) of ≥50 mm Hg either at rest or with provocation who also have severe symptoms refractory to medical therapy, septal reduction therapies (such as surgical myectomy or percutaneous alcohol septal ablation) can be effective, but these invasive procedures are not widely accessible in China and carry risk including death. Septal reduction therapies and their success depends on operator experience.


JIXING is a biopharmaceutical company headquartered in Shanghai committed to bringing innovative science and medicines to underserved patients in China with serious and life-threatening diseases. Backed by RTW Investments, LP, JIXING was founded in 2019 and partners with global biotechnology companies to develop and commercialize novel, innovative therapeutics to treat unmet medical needs in cardiovascular and ophthalmic diseases. With a strong and further developing asset pipeline, seasoned management team, and patient-centric focus, JIXING is dedicated to delivering a meaningful and lasting impact on patients in China. 

JIXING’s cardiovascular portfolio includes 3 assets in late-stage clinical development (aficamten, etripamil, omecamtiv mecarbil) and 1 in pre-clinical stage (JX09). JIXING’s ophthalmology portfolio includes 4 assets in late-stage clinical development (varenicline solution nasal spray/US brand name TYRVAYA, OC-02 nasal spray, JX06/LNZ100, JX07/LNZ101) and 1 asset in pre-clinical stage (JX08). For further information about JIXING, please visit www.jixingbio.com.

Cytokinetics is a late-stage, specialty cardiovascular biopharmaceutical company focused on discovering, developing and commercializing first-in-class muscle activators and next-in-class muscle inhibitors as potential treatments for debilitating diseases in which cardiac muscle performance is compromised. As a leader in muscle biology and the mechanics of muscle performance, the company is developing small molecule drug candidates specifically engineered to impact myocardial muscle function and contractility. Aficamten is a next-in-class cardiac myosin inhibitor, currently the subject of SEQUOIA-HCM, the Phase 3 clinical trial of aficamten in patients with symptomatic obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Aficamten is also being evaluated in non-obstructive HCM and the company plans to begin a Phase 3 trial later this year. Cytokinetics is also developing omecamtiv mecarbil, a cardiac muscle activator in patients with heart failure. Additionally, Cytokinetics is developing CK-136, a cardiac troponin activator for the potential treatment HFrEF and other types of heart failure, such as right ventricular failure, resulting from impaired cardiac contractility, and CK-586, a cardiac myosin inhibitor with a mechanism of action distinct from aficamten. In 2023, Cytokinetics is celebrating its 25-year history of pioneering innovation in muscle biology and related pharmacology focused to diseases of muscle dysfunction and conditions of muscle weakness. For additional information about Cytokinetics, visit www.cytokinetics.com 


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Ji Xing Pharmaceuticals


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